F1 circuits history part 6: 1967-70

Graham Hill, Lotus-Cosworth, Jarama, 1968Today’s look at the history of F1 circuits features some of the most popular tracks of the 1970s that were phased out of F1 in the 1980s as the sport looked to improve safety – and make more money.

They include Kyalami in South Africa (where political pressures were also at work) and the Osterreichring in Austria. Others like the famous Montjuich Park street circuit in Barcelona or Mosport in Canada were replaced with nearby circuits during the seventies.

Are many of them better than the tracks we have today? Take a look at more of F1′s past venues.

Kyalami, South Africa

After East London the South African Grand Prix moved to Kyalami near Johannesburg, where it found a successful and poular long-term home. A very quick circuit, it yielded some memorable races. Gilles Villeneuve outfoxed team mate and home driver Jody Scheckter in a wet/dry race in 1979, and Alain Prost raced from the back to win in 1982.

The 1981 race was deemed a non-championship race due to a political row between the teams aligned to the FIA (FISA as it was then) and FOCA, the constructor’s association led by Bernie Ecclestone.

The circuit held its last Grand Prix in its original incarnation in 1985, by which time cars were lapping the track in 1’2s – 26 seconds faster than in 1967. But the politics of racing in Apartheid South Africa where racial segregation was practised put pressure on F1 to leave the country.

Indeed F1 was one of the last major international sports to sever ties with South Africa at this time – and a 1986 race might have happened had the money to support it been found. It wasn’t, and the track was dropped from the calendar. A revised version returned in 1992, which will feature in a later instalment.

Bugatti au Mans, France

France may have had the beautiful Rouen and Clermont-Ferrand tracks but still it experimented with other venues. In 1967 the French Grand Prix was held at the Bugatti Au Mans circuit, a short track the included some parts of the La Sarthe track used for the famous 24-hours.

The plain layout was very unpopular and never used again. Tellingly when Papyrus software chose to re-create the 1967 season for their computer game Grand Prix Legends they purposefully ignored Bugatti and used Rouen instead…

Mosport Park, Canada

Mosport held the first world championship Canadian Grand Prix in 1967. The track was fast and very undulating, and the limited run-off made it especially dangerous. Manfred Winkelhock (father of 2007 F1 debutant Markus) was killed in a sports car race at the track in 1985.

That was eight years after the final F1 race at the track, when the circuit was phased out on safety grounds.

Jarama, Spain

Some tracks really give the lie to the idea that every track used for F1 in the ’60s and ’70s was a bona fide classic. The horrendously dull Jarama (pictured top) is surely at least as bad as anything modern F1 has to offer?

And yet its final race was far better than it had any right to be – a celebrated encounter that saw Gilles Villeneuve hold up a four-car train of rivals for 66 laps (read more about that famous race here).

Mont Tremblant, Canada

Mosport briefly shared the Canadian Grand Prix with a second venue, Mont Tremablant, which held the race in 1968 and 1970. I had never seen video footage of the circuit until the Champ Car World Series visited the venue last year – and it looks beautiful.

The configuration used by Champ Car last year was very similar to that used by F1 four decades ago, albeit with one chicane added. It is also still very narrow, which was part of the problem with it on the two occasions Formula 1 visited. What breathtaking scenery, though.

Montjuich Park, Spain

If Jarama was ridiculous, Montjuich Park was sublime – and ridiculous. Based on around the roads of a public park in Barcelona, Montjuich was halfway between being a challenging road course with the added obstacles of being a confined street circuit.

It held four Spanish Grands Prix in odd numbered years from 1969-73 while Jarama held the others. It was around this time that F1 car designers were starting to get to grips with using wings for downforce, which was pushing up corner speeds.

The bumps and crests of Montjuich made the situation especially perilously for the cars with their large wings mounts high atop the car on flimsy pylons. Wing failure put the Lotuses of Jochen Rindt and Graham Hill out of the 1969 race in enormous accidents.

Worse followed in 1975 when a face-off between the race organisers and drivers over safety standards threatened to cancel the race. Only when the organisers threatened to impound the teams in the Olympic Stadium (south on the aerial photograph) did they agree to race, but on the condition that the barriers around the circuit were secured properly, a job the teams’ own mechanics had to do.

Even then there was insufficient time to complete the work, and so when Rolf Stommelen crashed into an unsupported section of barrier during the race his car was thrown into the crowd, filling four spectators. The race was stopped early and F1 never raced at Montjuic Park again.

In sixth place that day was Lella Lombardi, who became the only woman to date to score in a Grand Prix event, earning half a point.

Hockenheimring, Germany

By 1970 drivers were becoming more out-spoken with their concerns about safety standards. One of the biggest concerns was the Nurburgring Nordschleiefe, and safety fears precipitated a move to the Hockenheimring for the 1970 race. Ironically, the track was best known for being the place where Jim Clark was killed in a Formula Two race in 1968.

The German round returned to the Nurburgring the following year, and substantial sums were spent improving the track’s safety facilities and installing Armco barriers to keep the cars out of the trees. But this was just postponing the inevitable – Niki Lauda’s near-fatal fiery crash in 1976 spelled the end for the Nurburgring and Hockenheim became the home of the German Grand Prix.

Osterreichring, Austria

The Austrian Grand Prix moved up the road from the Zeltweg airfield to the nearby Osterreichring – indeed, so near that it too is confusingly referred as Zeltweg in some publications.

The wide and fast Osterreichring nabbed the title of ‘F1′s fastest track’ away from Silverstone – Jo Siffert’s fastest lap at the track in 1971 was 216.1kph (134.27mph) compared to Jackie Stewart’s 212.2kph (131.85mph) at Silverstone. But soon the race organisers had to think about cutting speeds.

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20 comments on F1 circuits history part 6: 1967-70

  1. Robert McKay said on 10th January 2008, 8:32

    “The circuit held its last Grand Prix in its original incarnation in 1985, by which time cars were lapping the track in 1′2s – 26 seconds faster than in 1967.”

    Wow – that’s the most startling statistic for the relentless progress of Formula 1 I’ve ever seen. That is impressive. If you’d asked me to guess how much faster the cars were I’d have said maybe 10-15 seconds faster.

    • F1iLike said on 5th June 2010, 12:07

      And whats funny is that now we’re going backwards… On most circuits the cars are slower than in 2004 where they peaked. The downforce is higher this season and maybe last, but still.. kinda strange.. I think F1 should be about progress in all areas!

  2. Keith Collantine (@keithcollantine) said on 10th January 2008, 8:42

    If you think of all the technology they had in 1985 that they didn’t have in 1967 you can see why: slick tyres, wings, turbo engines… of course, two of those are banned now!

  3. Robert McKay said on 10th January 2008, 9:59

    If you actually work that out as an average, that’s about 1.4 seconds improvement each year, every year! Would be interesting to find a circuit that hasn’t been modified significantly over the period 1987-2007 (approx.) and compare fastest laptimes there to see how the rate of progress compares with that period 1967-1985.

  4. Keith Collantine (@keithcollantine) said on 10th January 2008, 10:09

    The problem is they tinker with the circuits so much today! Just look how often Silverstone has changed. I will try to draw a few more comparisons like that later on in the series though.

  5. Number 38 said on 10th January 2008, 14:40

    I raced at Mosport in 1974 and 1975, I thought it was a superb circuit. Safety? Wasn’t so much a concern in those days but like Watkins Glen this circuit was a long hour drive from most accomadations. Most spectators camped on the grounds and Monday morning clean-up was a major task !!! I was also lucky to race at Mont Tremablant in 1980, another super venue but so far in the country on a narrow restricted road, traffic was apalling. Neither of these circuits had VIP facilities, Bernie wouldn’t even consider these today!

  6. I think Clermont Ferrand was in GPL not Rouen.

  7. Keith Collantine (@keithcollantine) said on 10th January 2008, 18:09

    My version definitely had Rouen – I always arrived at the hairpin pointing backwards… I’m sure you can download Clermont somewhere though.

  8. theRoswellite said on 10th January 2008, 20:34

    Just an add on to Robert Mckay’s question/statement about checking the decreasing lap times over a number of years (’67-’85) and (’97-’07). I know the data is unavailable, but it would be very interesting to me to compare these improvements in lap times graphed against the increasing down force provided by the inverted airfoils on the cars…perhaps the down force as a % of the weight of the car. That would be very elucidating!

  9. good series allready looking forward to the next one – I do remember one day at an old racing circuit with my then local car club the bvac – in the borders and that was the old Charterhall circuit wher jackie stewart made his debut and it was included in a round of the pre Fi era – unfortunately time had made any form of racing a no go but we were able to ciculate fairly rapidly – think I had an Alfa then – great for low gear revving – but dodging the potholes was interesting

    • Maxwell Lawson said on 17th October 2013, 11:03

      Jackie Stewart DID NOT make his debut at Charterhall! It was actually the late Jim Clark. Jackie stewart only raced there 3 or 4 years into his racing career.

  10. Twister 27 said on 11th January 2008, 12:53

    Rouen was in GPL. Clermont Ferrand is one the 450+ plus circuits available for download. Awesome game that I’ve been tempted to play again as a result of reading Jackie Stewarts Story and these track history guides.

  11. gideon said on 2nd March 2010, 17:13

    mont juic is very dangerous but super track, is there any chance to back in f1¨’

  12. gideon said on 2nd March 2010, 18:29

    keith what about think whose better mont juic or mosport park good old tracks new hockenheim is nothing like before 10 years, bernie is idiot he and hermann tilke destroyed everthing what is good in f1. he s going mad 10 races in asia is not good traditional tracks, that track is mickey mouse track. i want that eletronic go out in f1 and back like before 30 or 40 years.

  13. gideon said on 4th March 2010, 19:10

    mt tremblant looks beatiful. back that circiut

  14. gideon said on 4th March 2010, 19:11

    mt tremblant looks beatiful.

  15. matti said on 5th May 2010, 3:45

    Just stumbled upon this series – fantastic reading. Just a question re: Hockenheim, I was of the understanding it was shortened to accommodate for the Autobahn that crosses southwest of the track? CAn anybody shed any light on this?

    • Damon said on 3rd June 2010, 14:13

      Not really, from what I remember.
      It was shortened for the lap times to be shorter and therefore for the track to be better suited for tv broadcast.

    • KyleP133 said on 1st February 2013, 19:02

      It was definitely shortened due to the highway cutting through town. The circuit originally had somewhat of a hairpin that extended far past where the pit straight is today. The highway came through town and they cut off that bit of track and just made a straight across instead. It happened way back in the 30s and not much was cut off. It was just roads through the local village there basically.

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