Carlos Reutemann, Alan Jones, Jacarepagua, 1981

The drivers who defied team orders

F1 historyPosted on | Author Keith Collantine

Carlos Reutemann, Alan Jones, Jacarepagua, 1989In three weeks’ time Ferrari face a meeting of the World Motor Sport Council to examine whether they broke the rules by imposing team orders during the German Grand Prix.

The rule banning team orders was introduced in 2002. We’d seen team orders used many times before then – but not always successfully.

Here are three drivers who refused to let their team mates pass – or overtook them when they weren’t supposed to. Food for thought for Felipe Massa?

Carlos Reutemann

1981 Brazilian Grand Prix

Round: 2 of 15
Points before race: Jones – 9 (first), Reutemann – 6 (second)

The scenario at the 1981 Brazilian Grand Prix was simple. The two Williams cars led from the first lap, Carlos Reutemann ahead of Alan Jones.

According to Reutemann’s contract, should the pair find themselves in the lead of the race, Reutemann was supposed to let Jones win. The pair had swapped positions the previous year, in which Jones had won the world championship.

These being the days before pit-to-car radio, Reutemann was shown a pit board reading “Jones-Reut” – the 1981 equivalent of a cryptic radio message telling him his team mate was faster.

Neil Oatley was manning the pit board and was told several times by Frank Williams to display the order instructing his drivers to change places.

But Reutemann, approaching his 39th birthday and with his home Grand Prix coming up, decided he had other plans. He’d lost a win to Jones at Long Beach a few weeks earlier and wanted to keep this one for himself.

Peter Windsor, who was working for Williams at the time, shed more light on the situation last year in Maurice Hamilton’s book “Williams”:

In 1979 Carlos had a long talk with Gilles Villeneuve before Monza. He told Gilles [to] never play around with the world championship. ‘If you have a chance to win, take it. You’re not going to have many opportunities. Why would you want to give this race to Jody? Don’t even think about it.’

But that’s what Gilles did. And then he was killed in 1982. It upset Carlos a lot that Gilles gave the 1979 championship to Jody and then lost his life.

At that point, in 1981, Gilles was still in the shit and I think Carlos thought, ‘Well, I’m never going to let that happen to me. If I have a chance of winning the world championship, I’m going to take it.’ He knew 1981 was his big chance.
Peter Windsor

Reutemann narrowly lost the world championship to Nelson Piquet in the final round of the world championship. The events of the Brazilian Grand Prix turned him and Jones into bitter rivals.

Didier Pironi

1982 San Marino Grand Prix

Round: 4 of 16
Points before race: Pironi 1 (12th), Villeneuve 0

Surely the most notorious example of team orders gone wrong, because of its tragic consequences.

Ferrari team mates Villeneuve and Didier Pironi held first and second positions in the closing stages of the San Marino Grand Prix.

But on the fast Imola circuit with several long, flat-out sections, fuel consumption was a serious concern for the turbo-powered Ferraris. Both cars had been topped-up on the grid and, once their main rivals had retired, the Ferrari drivers were signalled to “slow”.

Believing that to be a signal to hold position, Villeneuve duly backed off – only for Pironi to storm past him. Villeneuve responded, matched Pironi’s lap times, and took the lead back.

Again he slowed, reducing the pace by around three seconds per laps – and again Pironi blasted by. The exasperated Villeneuve took the place back on the penultimate lap – only for Pironi to pass him for good on the final lap.

Villeneuve was seething – and his mood was not improved when the team initially refused to back up his story. It wasn’t until two days later that Ferrari issued a press release confirming Villeneuve’s version of events.

It was too late to prevent the mood between the drivers turning toxic. Villeneuve vowed never to speak to Pironi again.

During qualifying for the next race at Zolder Villeneuve, trying to better Pironi’s time, hit a slower car and crashed to his death.

Rene Arnoux

1982 French Grand Prix

Round: 11 of 16
Points before race: Prost 19 (fifth), Arnoux 4 (16th)

Ferrari’s disastrous experience with team orders did not stop rivals Renault from trying to impose them too. But, in a repeat of what happened with Reutemann the year before, Rene Arnoux was having none of it.

Arnoux had been with the Renault since 1979 but found his place in the team threatened by Alain Prost who joined them in 1981.

By late 1982 he’d been without race win for over two years and when presented with the opportunity to end his losing streak in his home race, he decided to take it.

Leading by over 20 seconds, Arnoux repeatedly ignored instructions from his team to pull over. Afterwards accusations flew in all directions: senior figures in the team claimed Arnoux had volunteered to give up victory to Prost, which Arnoux denied, while Prost believed they had equal status.

There was little surprise when Arnoux left the team at the end of the year.

In an amusing coda to the story, Prost pulled in at a petrol station later that evening, where the attendant mistook him for Arnoux and congratulated him on beating “that little prick” Prost.

Over to you

There are very likely more stories of ignored team orders that never came to light.

And by no means all team instructions come during a race – Lewis Hamilton famously ignored a request to let Fernando Alonso by during qualifying at Hungary in 2007, which had all kinds of ramifications.

What do you think of drivers who disregard team instructions like these? Whether you think they are entirely correct in protecting their own interests or selfishly putting themselves before their team is probably rooted in your philosophy of F1 racing. Share your point of view in the comments.

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171 comments on “The drivers who defied team orders”

  1. David Watkins
    20th August 2010, 23:15

    Hamilton was in his rookie season in 2007. He had no right to even be in the hunt for a title with so little experience. Yet he put himself in the position for you to make ill-informed, moronic comments about him.

    Let’s see. Alonso 2008 v Hamilton 2008, Lewis wins title with some stellar performances and a few cock ups. Alonso is moderately competitive, his team fixed him a win in Singapore and he took an impressive win in Fuji

    In 2009 Hamilton, pound for pound, was the best driver on the grid and Alonso lost interest well before the end

  2. 2007 Hamilton was excellent. Very few mistakes. He has the ability to lift his game when required. Something he had to do to match Alonso.

    2008 he won the title ultimately because of a very suspicous move by Glock. The mistakes he made that year were so pathetic he didn’t deserve to win the title. If Alonso was in a Mclaren that year he would have won the tile with races to spare.

    In 2009 once again Alonso had a much slower car. How can you say Hamilton was pound for pound the best driver on the grid ? its incomparible. The cars were miles apart in their performance.

    In 2010 I believe Hamilton is having his best year. If he were to be given the best driver on the grid it would be this year, maybe. Not any other.

    In my opinion Hamilton and Alonso are the best drivers on the grid. I prefer Alonso because he has a much more mature driving style, makes fewer mistakes and I like his down to earth no nonsense attitude. People critisize his driving because they dont want him to win. and find pathetic escuses such as radio comments or overtaking manouvres which at the end of the day are just another minor racing incidents.

    He has never run up the backside of another driver that I can recall. And if he has feel free to point it out. Im sure it wouldnt have been as ridiculously stupid as some other drivers have done. Like when Hamilton rear ended Raikki and Kubica in pit lane or….when he actually rear ended Alonso on track ?

    Alonsos driving style is far more complete than Hamiltons. and EVERY year you choose to compare them in the results speak for them selves if you were to go back and analyse every race in detail.

  3. What goes around comes around. Arnoux left Renault at the end of 1982 and never regained his form. Interestingly, Prost would lose favor with Renault too, but unlike the case with Arnoux, the rest is history.

  4. Alonso has been destroying massa, but I don’t think Massas been the same since the accident. As for lewis blowing the title in 07 that’s the biggest load of rubbish I heard all year. He made a mistake after the straight and lost a few places but he would have easily recovered and won the title if it wasn’t for the car running in idle for half of a lap

  5. newsflash!
    Max Mosley thinks that ferrari should be stripped of their points from the german gp :)
    he also thinks that the teams want team orders to go, but acknowledges that the FIA has a duty first and foremost to the fans, and for that reason the rule should stay

  6. Alonso is clearly a quick, consistent driver. But Hamilton has the cutting edge and speed when required. Alonso seems to rely on the situation benefitting him, ie Singapore, Hungary. If he was so much quicker than Massa then he should have overtaken him. He made a mistake when he had his chance by going to the inside rather than outside. Lewis demonstrates time and again that when overtaking is required he can deliver and although he makes more mistakes than Alonso that is the price for driving on the edge of performance and is what ultimately fans want to see. Alonso fans probably think Kimi was exciting too.

  7. Thats very true Paulo. The difference between them over a year is minimal. as their team partnership in 07 showed.

    In my opinion they are the 2 best drivers on the grid.

  8. Coincidência que nivela: Reutemann, Pironi e Arnoux (que desobedeceram ordens de equipe), não foram campeões.
    Barrichello e Massa (que obedeceram): até agora, também não.
    Porquê? Obedecer ordens de equipe é obrigação de segundo piloto…

  9. There’s simply no team that hasn’t done team orders to some extent. Supporters, bias, lobbies, driver ego, etc, etc, this is all part of the sport, which is, again, normal, because we’re talking about money.

    That pretty much exhaust the topic for me. I’m glad that finally Alonso unleashed the Ferrari potential and showed the FingerBoy the finger. And yeah, kudos for Mark Webber.

  10. racing drivers whole live is to win formula 1 races. a wouldnt be letting anyone through

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