The Bahrain Grand Prix: A matter of conscience


Bahrain International Circuit, 2011The protesters of Bahrain have taken a stand against a cruel regime. You can either stand with them, or with those seeking to make money out of their misery.

The violent past

In February 2011 many Bahrainis, inspired by the Arab Spring uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt, began a series of protests calling for democractic reforms in the country, which is ruled by a hereditary monarchy.

The peaceful protests were violently suppressed by the police, and several protesters were killed. As the situation deteriorated, the Bahrain Grand Prix scheduled for the following month was postponed. Shortly afterwards, the government declared a state of emergency, and brought in troops from overseas.

Thousands were arrested, and a commission of inquiry the following November determined many had been jailed “to punish those in the opposition and to deter political opposition”. The same report found widespread use of torture, and several deaths attributed to torture.

One such victim was Abdulkarim Ali Ahmed Fakhrawi, a founder of the Ali Wasat newspaper. After police surrounded the home of his relatives in Karbabad on April 2nd, Farkrawi presented himself at a police station.

Witnesses in the prison he was taken to reported hearing hearing him screaming in between blows. Then the screaming stopped, and a voice was heard saying “you killed him”. His body was returned to his family, who were told they would “end up like him” if they took photographs of it to prove he had been tortured. They did anyway (warning: graphic image).

The state of emergency was lifted on June 1st, two days before the FIA World Motor Sport Council met and restored the race to the calendar. One week later, the race organisers finally admitted it could not got ahead.

The stormy present

In the intervening months, little progress has been made. “The Bahraini authorities have been vociferous about their intention to introduce reforms and learn lessons from events in February and March 2011,” said a report issued yesterday by Amnesty International.

However, it added: “Reforms have been piecemeal, perhaps aiming to appease Bahrain?s international partners, and have failed to provide real accountability and justice for the victims. Human rights violations are continuing unabated. The government is refusing to release scores of prisoners who are incarcerated because they called for meaningful political reforms.”

Many in the country say the same. “There is still torture, still discrimination,” said one protester. “Everything we fought for on February 14th last year. It?s still just the same.”

The ongoing strife in the country has not prevented the FIA from trying to hold a race there this weekend. F1 team members and media began arriving in the country this week.

The government is clearly going to great lengths to keep areas F1 personnel normally visit quiet and ensure the continuing protests happen away from the track. Dozens of police vehicles line the road from Manama to the Bahrain International Circuit.

The continuing imprisonment of thousands of Bahrainis will make their task easier. This is a relatively small nation of 1.2 million inhabitants, more than half of which are expatriates. Even so, the regime has recently arrested another 60 protest leaders.

Despite this, the protests continue. Some are peaceful, but following the government’s violent response to peaceful demonstrations last year some protesters have thrown molotov cocktails.

There are threats of larger protests to come, and a growing sense that their anger is being directed at the race as well as the ruling Al Khalifa family.

The FIA gives political support to Bahrain

FIA president Jean Todt kept a low profile as the Bahrain row escalated. But German channel RTL managed to persuade him to speak on the matter last weekend.

Todt toed the FIA’s usual PR line: “There has been some controversy about it, but the FIA is a sports organisation,” he said. “We are only interested in sport – not politics.”

This is affirmed in the first article of the FIA statutes: “The FIA shall refrain from manifesting political discrimination in the course of its activities and from taking any action in this respect.”

However the advertising campaign for the Bahrain Grand Prix – “UniF1ed – one nation in celebration” – makes a mockery of the FIA’s claim of political neutrality. The race is being promoted as a salve for the social divisions that were exposed in the country last year.

The political value of the FIA granting the country a place on the world championship was highlighted by Bahrain International Circuit chief executive Sheikh Salman bin Isa Al Khalifa when the slogan was launched in February, saying: “We in Bahrain should feel extremely privileged to be part of an exclusive club of only a handful of countries who can say that they are a host of a Grand Prix and are a part of the FIA Formula One world championship.”

In local reports in the country F1 drivers are being used – most likely without their blessing – to endorse the race’s political message.

Money and morality

Commercial rights holder Bernie Ecclestone has used similar rhetoric to Todt. He insisted that F1 does not concern itself with politics and does not make decision on moral grounds.

However that has not stopped him claiming the exact opposite when it has suited his needs. In December he claimed, “we pulled out of South Africa years ago [in 1985] because of apartheid”.

It’s hard to find much evidence this was the case besides Ecclestone’s selective re-telling of history.

Rather, pressure from television companies who refused to air further races in the country, a boycott by some teams and sponsors during the 1985 race, and the refusal of workers in Australia to handle “tainted” cargo from the Grand Prix, led to the race being dropped from the 1986 schedule.

This serves as a reminder to treat Ecclestone’s words with caution. Recall that last year the FIA revealed he’d attempted an 11th-hour reinstatement of the Grand Prix on the day after he’d said the race was “not on”.

Ecclestone’s overriding concern in this matter is ensuring F1 makes its money from Bahrain. That will happen if the race goes ahead or, as was the case last year, the Al Khalifas call it off.

However while the race brought in around ??25m ($40m) last year in hosting fees, an estimated ??59.7m ($95.3m) was lost in potential advertising revenue.

The China argument

Some have claimed that as long as F1 races in other countries with poor human rights records, such as China, then it must also race in Bahrain.

This argument is flawed in several ways. Taking a broad view, it is a mandate for F1 to go racing in – and lend credibility to – any regime, no matter how oppressive. Make way for the Iranian Grand Prix, or perhaps a race through the streets of Pyongyang.

The Chinese Grand Prix is of negligible importance to the government of China, and F1 refusing to race there would make no difference to its people. The same is not true in Bahrain.

The ruling royal family who own the circuit are the same people who stand to profit from the race happening and who have crushed demands for reform over the past 14 months.

Furthermore, the timing of several key events in relation to the activities of the FIA remains suspicious and troubling. Abdulhadi al-Khawaja, a protester currently on hunger strike in a Bahrain prison who has attracted considerable media attention, has been told he can appeal against his life sentence on April 23rd – the day after the race.

A matter of conscience

The protesters of Bahrain have taken a stand against a cruel regime which denies them basic rights and has ruthlessly suppressed their just pleas for reform.

You can either stand with them, or with those seeking to make money out of their misery. Those who go along quietly with what is happening, or chime in with another naive chorus of “sport should not be political”, are giving tacit endorsement to F1’s support for Bahraini oppression.

The government calls the protesters “terrorists” because the word resonates with those abroad who are only paying passing attention to what is going on. The protests began peacefully and many of them still are. But the use of violent and excessive force by the government has in some cases provoked a response in kind.

The Grand Prix is being used as a political tool by the Bahraini government. Those who oppose the race should have no compunction about challenging those who support it. This is what social media is for.

The situation brings to mind F1’s repeated visits to South Africa in the seventies and eighties. During one of those races James Hunt, while commentating for the BBC, vehemently criticised the regime and F1’s presence in the country.

I hope some of his successors in F1 broadcasting today have the conviction and the courage to do the same. Already some broadcasters including Sky Germany, Japan’s Fuji TV and Finland’s MTV3 have said they will not send people to the race.

F1 Fanatic’s Bahrain Grand Prix coverage

One response to the situation could be to ignore the race entirely. Several people have already told me they will not be watching the race, and I respect that.

However, as Todt and Ecclestone have chosen to use F1 to give financial support and credibility to the Bahrain government, I have chosen to use this platform to condemn it. A message to that effect will feature prominently on the site throughout the weekend.

I will continue to listen to, research and read about both sides of this complex debate, give coverage to both in the daily round-ups (which have featured scores of pieces on Bahrain in recent weeks) and, I expect, in further articles as well.

And as always, I invite all F1 fans to share their point of view.


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Image ?? Drew Gibson/GP2

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353 comments on The Bahrain Grand Prix: A matter of conscience

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  1. Alan (@calonto) said on 20th April 2012, 22:03

    What hypocrisy, you’re just as bad – you don’t want to shut down the site because you would lose money and followers…
    What if 40 million was on the line?
    Maybe Bernie should step up to the plate like you did and uh – wait – you didn’t do anything.

  2. electrolite (@electrolite) said on 20th April 2012, 22:57

    I believe this to be the finest article I’ve read on such a subject since I joined this community 2 and a half years ago.

    • P King said on 21st April 2012, 17:13

      In China, twitter and youtube and facebook are strictly censored.
      In Bahrain, the agitators are freely allowed to use those social media, and comment freely on the internet. They have freedom of speech.
      On f1fanatic, your comments are censored if the owner chooses to do so.

  3. mrgrieves (@mrgrieves) said on 20th April 2012, 23:47

    Had a lot of time and a lot of reading but my original stance from the start that despite the risk my passion as a fan of racing, with family friends over at there race in the firing line i do want the race should go ahead but we need to get out of the Bahrain contract asap. Selfish because i want to see a race? Maybe but i totally disagree with any violent actions being a excuse to stop the power of sport. Nobody stopping the Chine If 9/11 didn’t stop us then neither should this!

    For me i see plenty of similarity’s between English riots last year and the Bahrain incident. I don’t agree with our government and how it works nor do i agree with the rioters actions last summer. Except for 1 match between Spurs and Everton being called off every sporting event of note went ahead as usual unaffected not that that can determine how your average Bahrain protester will react.

    If anything does happen though injury’s or deaths then i have no idea how FIA can escape from putting every driver, mechanic and steward into unsafe working conditions.

    A lot of people wont like this next bit but its a fact an im saying it!
    Whatever happens F1 will take a big hit with questions over the morality of being there however all publicity is good publicity! Everyone will be watching this race and Sky and any other broadcaster will be loving the viewing figures as much as Bernie will be happy to get his cash and hopefully we will be able to look back on a race where nobody from comes out of it worse for ware and that non of the Bahrainian protesters ruin the race although with there best opportunity to publicize there cause i have fears that will happen.

  4. Keith Collantine (@keithcollantine) said on 21st April 2012, 10:25

    Some people have suggested – in the comments here (e.g. @calonto above) and on Twitter – that as I oppose the race the only way I should respond to it is by not covering it at all.

    I reject that view, for the reasons outlined above. As I said on Twitter yesterday, those who say “if you don’t agree with the race, don’t cover it on your site” are just trying to silence dissent.

    The best way I can get my point across is to continue covering the race weekend as usual (or as much as possible under the circumstances) and make use of the opportunity I have to explain why I think the race shouldn’t go ahead.

    Frankly, if I chose to ignore the race weekend most people would assume I’d been hit by a bus, rather than realise I was taking a stand against Bahrain. Staying silent would be at best futile, at worst an act of complicity.

    • SubSailorFl said on 21st April 2012, 13:10

      Actually I’d think you’d say” I will not be covering the race for X reason, see you all on Tuesday” with a message on the top post of your site and have a long weekend.

    • P King said on 21st April 2012, 15:30

      ” The best way I can get my point across is to continue covering the race weekend as usual ”

      In other words, it is the same argument as being used by the rest of F1. By staging the race, the Bahraini miltants have had the best ever worldwide free coverage of their riots that they could dream of.

    • mrgrieves (@mrgrieves) said on 21st April 2012, 17:31

      Well done. if i was in your boots and didnt want the race to happen i would continue to follow the event and cover it as the top journalist that you are. Congratulations and thank you

  5. John said on 21st April 2012, 15:23

    I am strongly supportive to the protesters of Bahrain and i condemn any kind of torture from any government or regime BUT.Sometimes people forget that economy and politics are closely tied together and the first leads the second.The FIA F1 World Championship is a PRODUCT,and in fact a CAPITALIST product!The FOM and its partners are corporations and corporations only care about PROFITS.

    Anyone wishing for a corporation to be more “humane” in the distribution of its products is running a fool’s errand to say the least!And even is the FIA canceled the GP,it would be for the profits of altruistic advertising NOT for the protesters themselves.

    So i am going to watch the GP and wont expect from FIA what shouldnt be expected from a corporation,as i dont expect from my employer to care how i make do with 400euros per month.If you or the protestors of Bahrain want to change the world,start reading Marx-Engels-Lenin and view the current world as it is.

    • P King said on 21st April 2012, 16:32

      Read the comment by expatinbahrain ( posted Today 08:52 AM) at the bottom of Tom Cary’s article in the Telegraph

      “The majority of the population is sick and tired of the being held at ransom by these molotov throwing manaics, for whom this has become a weekend activity. The terrorize the local and expat population who live close to their villages , with tyre-burnings and illegal protests. Nowhere in the world would the Govt. allow the protestors to subdue the right of the peace loving majority, however here they are allowed in the name of human right to do so. ……. here they go scot free because the same Western Countries pressure the Middle East to allow them to protest peacefully. Well killing, maiming the Asian expats and the Police force is not exactly peaceful and then again a peaceful protestor would not cover his face with a balacalava and have a molotov in his hand. These protestors mostly belong to the poor villages and do little to uplift their lives, inspite of the Govt. providing free health services, education,housing and a tax free haven to citizena and expats alike. “

  6. Guelph (@guelph) said on 21st April 2012, 17:09

    All of this whining and boycotting is completely pointless if you pretend everything is back to normal in 3 weeks in Spain. Even though the next race isnt in Bahrain the fact remains that F1 supports the current regime in Bahrain, and if it’s such a big deal this week it should remain a big deal until the race is off the calendar or there is a change in power.

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