A circuit was laid out on the Ile Notre Dame, a man-made island which was built to host Expo 1967. The original layout was designed by Roger Peart, the president of the Canadian Automobile Sport Clubs.
It held its first round of the world championship in 1978, which was won by home driver Gilles Villeneuve. Four years later, following Villeneuve’s death at the Belgian Grand Prix, the circuit was renamed after him.
Following a one-year absence from the calendar in 1987 owing to a disagreement with Bernie Ecclestone’s Formula One Constructors’ Association over sponsorship, the championship returned to a revised circuit with a relocated pits complex the following year.
The race also disappeared from the calendar in 2009, but was welcomed back the following year. As well as being a popular venue which seldom fails to attract a large crowd, the tight confines and high-speed nature of the circuit can be relied on to produce exciting races.
|Lap length||4.361km (2.71 miles)|
|Race distance||305.27km (189.686 miles)|
|Pole position||Left-hand side of the track|
|Lap record*||1’13.622 (Rubens Barrichello, 2004)|
|Fastest lap||1’12.275 (Ralf Schumacher, 2004, qualifying two)|
|Maximum speed||309kph (192.004 mph)|
|DRS zone/s (race)||Pit straight and back straight|
|Distance from grid to turn one||260m|
|Longest flat-out section||1190m|
|Fuel use per lap||1.5kg|
|Time penalty per lap of fuel||0.03s|
|2015 prime tyre:||Soft (2014: Soft)|
|2015 option tyre:||Super-soft (2014: Super-soft)|
*Fastest lap set during a Grand Prix
Data sources: FIA, Williams, Mercedes