Andrea de Cesaris is remembered as the driver who set several records for most crashes in a single season. He kept coming back for more thanks to his Marlboro backing, eventually racking up 208 Grand Prix participations without a win.
After two starts for Alfa-Romeo in 1980 he joined McLaren in 1981 and angered Ron Dennis with his frequent shunts.
Back at Alfa in 1982 he took pole position at Long Beach but lost the win to Niki Lauda. He nearly won at Spa-Francorchamps in 1983 but his engine blew.
He spent year after year with minor teams, or teams of former glory now well past their prime: Ligier, Minardi, Brabham, Rial, Dallara and Jordan. With the latter in 1991 he again excelled in Spa but was thwarted by engine failure while running second. One-off rookie team mate Michael Schumacher blew him away in qualifying.
A year with Tyrrell followed, then a second stint with Jordan. He had no drive lined up for 1994 but stepped back in at Jordan in place of Eddie Irvine, who received a three-race ban at Interlagos.
Then he took over Karl Wendlinger’s Sauber-Mercedes for most of the season before quitting for good. He moved into windsurfing but returned to the cockpit with the short-lived Grand Prix Masters championship in 2006.