For more historical context:

1985–1991

Alain Prost – 28 wins

From pole: 5 (18%)

From 2nd: 7 (25%)

From 3rd or behind: 16 (57%)

Ayrton Senna – 33 wins (thanks to @jonsan for this!)

From pole: 28 (85%)

From 2nd: 3 (9%)

From 3rd or behind: 2 (6%)

2000-2006

Michael Schumacher – 56 wins

From pole: 31 (55%)

From 2nd: 14 (25%)

From 3rd or behind: 11 (20%)

2007-2013

Kimi Raikkonen – 11 wins

From pole: 3 (27%)

From 2nd: 3 (27%)

From 3rd or behind: 5 (45%)

My basic analysis on this:

1. Senna’s wins-from-pole statistic is insane (85%) and only Vettel comes close (76%). And yet, Vettel gets flak for only being able to win from pole while Senna doesn’t.

2. Schumacher and Hamilton have similar wins-from-pole numbers (at 55% and 52% respectively), but Schumacher has 5 titles to Hamilton’s 1. It seems that, for all of Hamilton’s reputation as a great qualifier, he needs to get on pole a little more often to have more chances at winning.

3. Take a look at Alonso’s stats. Of the drivers I posted above, whose stats does it resemble the most? Alain Prost. It’s quite remarkable how the two are so alike. Kimi Raikkonen is also very similar to them in this statistic.